Aracaju, SE 14/12/19
 

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Espaços Terapêuticos, Academias desportivas - Aracaju Sergipe
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Visite Aracaju. Aqui você é mais Feliz!
ENGLISH
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In the beginning of this Aracaju century more it seemed a town that a capital city. In 1900 and 1910 the characteristic elements of urbanity still are not gifts, same in the center, where if it installs to be able them politician-administrative-religious. The resolution of the president of the Province, Ignácio Barbosa, that in day 17 of March of 1855 raised the town of Saint Antonio de Aracaju to magnificent of city and the capital, did not have immediate impact in the local fisionomia.

 

 

But it is from there that the primordial nucleus of the city if dislocates from High from the Hill of Saint Antonio and goes down for the edges of the river Sergipe, developing itself in the area understood between the square Fausto Cardoso and the General square Valadão. About twenty years later, around the Church Cathedral we go to find some constructions where the public building if raise in the squares Fausto Cardoso, Guillermo De Campos and Olympio Fields.

 


In a narrow area, it enters the building of the Assembly and the Palace of the Government, if it plants the Olympio Garden Fields. In the seedbeds, 1º is born coreto of Aracaju, where per happy years the families of the capital (and comings of the interior) had participated of retretas and quermesses. Two building that make the face of Aracaju if raise in the block of the square Fausto Cardoso: the headquarters of the Fiscal Police station and the Municipal Intendancy. While that in the square of the Matrix already it existed, since the end of the passed century, palacete of the Court of Relation, constructed in the molds of the neoclássico ecleticism.

 



The houses of inhabitants of blocks of these two squares were simple constructions, residences with roofs of two waters, doors and windows with platimbandas ornadas by beirais. We are speaking of the time where the illumination was done the kerosene, with lampiões, except for high bourgeoisie, who had the gas privilege acetylene. In the end of the decade, the wide street of the square of the Palace was coated with limestones, that still today support our feet in the centennial history of Aracaju. In 1911 and 1920 Aracaju already is imposed as bigger urban center of the State and the city more industrialized of Sergipe, confirming the politics-administrative vision of Ignácio Barbosa.

 


Fogueteiro João, of the old capital, Is Cristóvão there, was seeing its powder to mofar without reason for the fogueteiro of return of the capital, - he was from there that he came the name of João Drinks Water? Not, but there it is another history.

 

 

It is in the second decade of century twenty that the governing if had worried about the urban aspect and this if more configures in a space order condizente with the new necessities. The modernization implies in infrastructure workmanships for the sewer, water supply, electric energy, telephonic net, urban net of transport collective, this having that to keep the embelezamento of the squares and ajardinamentos. Thus he is that in 1912 the square Fausto Cardoso receives a monument in homage to this great leader politician, standing itself new gardens with two coretos in style art-noveau, pride of the sergipanos that had from there made palco for retretas and civic manifestations.

 

 

 

Another monument if raises four years later, in 1916, in the Olympio square Fields with the statue of the Monsignor, with a small garden in lathe. Later they had come the changes of oizeteiros of the Forest Horto of Rio De Janeiro for arborization of this square that the aracajuano is accustomed to call Park. Where, in the start of the decade, in 1911, a building was constructed to function the Normal School and School Model, today Center of Tourism transformed into Street 24 Hours. In the face east of the city, where the old building of the Atheneu asked for reform to hold greater number of pupils, it received in the middles from this decade as a floor, passing of the neoclássico style for the eclectic one.

 

 

Later the Public Library of the State was established in the place. The great urbanísticas transformations had happened around the commemorations of the first Centenarian of the Independence of Sergipe, when the Intendancy associated it the State for one better urbanístico treatment of Aracaju, for 1920 return. It was in this context that the square Fausto Cardoso passed for a great reform, being then woody with figs-benjamim, (the imperial palms already were there), update of the façades of the building, passing then to predominate the eclectic style, in this wave of modernity the Palace of the Government suffered (literally) a reform that if notabilizou for exaggerates it decorative of its façades and platimbanda.

 

 

The apex of this where of modernization he is old, between 1921 and 1930, when old coreto of the square Admiral Cardoso gives place to the installation of a public mictório, making possible the permanence of the people more time far of house to the hygienical time where it implanted one sanitarista politics introducing measured appealing the contribution of the citizens for a cleaner city. It is there that the Olympio square Fields receives the treatment from Park (Teófilo Dantas), with some urbanísticos resources, a grotto (they said that in the interior of the grotto it produced minerals, estalactites and estalagmites); the Cascatinha, of where one was born sells at retail for where the children then botavam to sail its cockle-boats of paper. An aquarium was constructed (where today it is the Gallery of Art Alvaro Saints) that in the entrance of the pavilion it showed show windows with fish never seen - had until empalhado fish. A part of the Park sheltered one taba with the metallic sculpture of two indians surrounded for evocativo picture of the primitive forest, a wild hidding place with plants of Atlantic Mata. The lake of the Nymphs already evoked Mythology.

 

 

Theófilo Dantas caprichou in all the details to the time where it brought the biggest benefit, that was the definitive elimination of the enchacamento problem that the square had. The inauguration of the Park Theófilo Dantas, in 1828, was a landmark of administrative vision that pleased all the population. In the square Fausto Cardoso, the old coretos of iron and wood (Art-Noveau) are substituted by the masonry of eclectic inspiration, transforming the characteristics aesthetic of the square.

 

 

E in the following decade, between 1031 and 1940, that the growth of Aracaju if dislocates for the zone west, with the sprouting of the railroad and the decrease of the urban services (in consequence of the economic crisis that the State then faces). It measures the reform of the Cathedral (beginning in 1936 and ending 10 years later), the construction of a new building for the Public Library of the State (Art Décor) and the reform of the old building of the Library, that had the kept structure but it lost its beautiful formal and ornamental elements, passing the Direction of Finances of the State (up to 1958), this is a phase that little adds to the molded profile already of Aracaju. With 146 years, Aracaju still keeps a good memory of the time of formation of the capital; being basic the preservation of the building and monuments that make our common wealth.